Golestan Palace, a stunning complex nestled in the heart of Tehran, Iran, is a must-see destination for anyone visiting the country. This UNESCO World Heritage site is one of Iran’s most significant historical and cultural landmarks, showcasing the opulence and grandeur of Persian architecture and art. The palace complex, with its beautifully preserved buildings, halls, and gardens, offers visitors a glimpse into Iran’s rich heritage and history. From the intricate mirror work in the Hall of Mirrors to the picturesque gardens and lavish halls, Golestan Palace provides a captivating experience for travelers and history enthusiasts alike. A visit to Golestan Palace is an essential part of any Tehran city tour, offering a deep dive into the city’s vibrant past and cultural heritage.

In this blog post, we introduce the different parts of Golestan Palace, each with its own unique charm and story, and provide some helpful tips for travelers to enhance their visit. Whether you’re drawn to the majestic Shams-ol-Emareh, the serene Khalvat-e Karim Khani, or the ornate Talar-e Salam, Golestan Palace is an essential stop on any trip to Iran. Let’s dive in and explore the beauty and cultural significance of this magnificent palace.


The Main Buildings and Halls of Golestan Palace



This is one of the most iconic buildings within the Golestan Palace complex, known for its towering structure and intricate tilework. Built in the 19th century, it offers a panoramic view of the city and was used as a royal residence and observation tower.

Takht-e Marmar (Marble Throne Hall): This grand hall features an exquisite marble throne made from a single slab of yellow marble and adorned with intricate carvings. The hall’s walls and ceilings are decorated with mirrors and paintings, making it a stunning space for royal ceremonies and gatherings.

Shams-ol-Emareh Golestan Palace in Tehran


Talar-e Ayeneh (Mirror Hall) 

Similar to the Hall of Mirrors, this smaller hall features exquisite mirror work and is also known for its elaborate decorations. It served as a reception room for guests and dignitaries visiting the palace.

mirror hall in golestan palace complex 

Khalvat-e Karim Khani (Karim Khani Nook)

 This tranquil retreat was a favorite resting place of Karim Khan Zand, a Persian ruler from the 18th century. It features an elegant design with decorative tilework, mirrors, and a pleasant garden view, creating a serene atmosphere.

Khalvat-e-Karim-Khani Golestan Palace


Talar-e Salam 

One of the most breathtaking parts of Golestan Palace, the Hall of Mirrors is famous for its dazzling mirror work on the walls and ceilings. The hall was used for important ceremonies and hosting foreign dignitaries, showcasing the opulence of the Persian court.

Talar-e-Salam Golestan Palace Complex


Marble Throne Veranda 

Marble Throne, is one of the most famous and elaborate elements in the Golestan Palace complex in Tehran, Iran. The throne is a stunning work of art created in the early 19th century during the Qajar dynasty. It is made entirely of yellow marble from Yazd and is adorned with intricate designs and carvings. The throne is set upon a raised platform and surrounded by columns, creating a regal and majestic atmosphere. It was used for various ceremonial occasions, such as royal receptions and important gatherings. The exquisite craftsmanship of the Marble Throne showcases the opulence and grandeur of the Qajar era.

Marble throne in Golestan Palace Tehran


Emarat-e Badgir (Windcatcher Building)

This building showcases traditional Persian architecture, particularly with its windcatchers, which were used for natural ventilation and cooling. The structure also features beautiful tilework and provides a glimpse into the ingenuity of Persian design.

Emarat-e-Badgir in Golestan Palace


Brilliant Hall

Known for its impressive glass and mirror work, the Brilliant Hall is a dazzling space that reflects light in every corner. The hall was used for special occasions and celebrations and remains one of the most beautiful areas in the palace.

Brilliant-Hall of Golestan Palace


Essential Tips for visiting Golestan Palace 

  • Guided Tour: Consider taking a guided tour to fully appreciate the history and significance of each part of the palace. A knowledgeable guide can provide valuable insights and stories.
  • Check the Visiting Hours: Golestan Palace is typically open for visitors from 9 am to 5 pm. Verify the schedule ahead of your visit to plan your trip accordingly, as there may be changes during holidays or special events.
  • Photography Guidelines: Photography is allowed in most parts of Golestan Palace, so be prepared with your camera. The complex has a wealth of beautiful places for taking photos, from the ornate architecture to the stunning gardens. 
  • Plan Nearby Visits: To make the most of your time and avoid heavy traffic in Tehran, schedule your visit to Golestan Palace alongside nearby attractions such as Tehran Bazaar, 30 Tir Street, the National Museum of Iran, or Negarestan Garden.
  • Be Prepared for Entrance Fees: Golestan Palace has one entrance fee for the complex and garden, but each building and hall within the palace has its own entrance fee. When entering the complex, you’ll need to purchase tickets for the specific parts you want to visit. Plan ahead to avoid any surprises and budget for each section of the palace you wish to explore.
  • Wear Comfortable Shoes: You’ll be doing a lot of walking as you explore the complex, so wear comfortable shoes.
  • Respect Cultural Norms: As a historic and culturally significant site, it’s important to respect the customs and traditions associated with the palace. Dress modestly and avoid touching the artwork.
  • Explore the Gardens: In addition to the buildings and halls, take some time to enjoy the beautifully manicured gardens. They provide a peaceful escape and offer great photo opportunities.
  • Visit During Off-Peak Hours: To avoid crowds, consider visiting the palace during off-peak hours, such as weekday mornings.
  • Learn About Persian Art and Architecture: Familiarize yourself with Persian art and architecture before your visit to enhance your appreciation of the palace’s design and craftsmanship.
  • Take Your Time: Golestan Palace is a treasure trove of history and art. Take your time to soak in the beauty and details of each part of the complex.


Journey Through Time at Golestan Palace

Golestan Palace is a magnificent representation of Persian architecture and art, reflecting the grandeur and rich history of Iran. Visiting the palace is like taking a journey through time, allowing you to experience the beauty and cultural heritage of this remarkable site. As a highlight of many Iran Tours, Golestan Palace is an essential stop, providing a unique glimpse into the country’s royal and artistic legacy.

Courtyard of Golestan Palace - Tips for visiting Golestan Palace