Golestan palace is one of the tourist attractions of Tehran, which has been built since the Safavid era in 988 AH, and many parts have been added to this palace complex during the Qajar and Zandiyeh eras. This beautiful palace has different buildings, and their different shapes and architecture represent the style of different eras. The Golestan Palace complex was registered as the 16th Iranian monument in the world at the 34th annual meeting of the UNESCO World Committee in 2013.

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The Golestan Palace is a unique monument because of its spaciousness. When visiting this wonderful palace, you will be so immersed in its beauty, that you will not feel the passage of time. When you come to yourself, you will realize that you have spent a full day in this palace complex. This palace complex has various halls that we will introduce later.


Courtyard of Golestan Palace

When we enter the Golestan complex, the courtyard has a lush garden surrounded by colorful trees and flowers. Almost all this courtyard, which looks more like a garden, is surrounded by various halls. It is noteworthy that the various halls of the Golestan Palace have many doors leading into each other, as well as into the courtyard.

Courtyard of Golestan Palace


The main hall of Golestan Palace

Visiting the Golestan complex can begin with the main hall, which leads to five other halls, including Salam Hall, Mirror Hall, Ivory Hall, Containers Hall, and Brilliant Hall. There is a large pond in front of the main hall, and the exterior of the main palace boasts traditional green tiles. Entering the main hall, we face beautifully mirrored walls. Opposite the main hall, there is a staircase leading to the second floor. On the second floor, there are Mirror Hall, Salam Hall, Ivory Hall, Containers Hall, and Brilliant Hall.


Salam Hall (Talar-e Salam)

The Salam Hall is one of the rooms of the Golestan Palace that has now become a museum. The first Iranian museum in the Qajar era was opened by Naser al-Din Shah in this hall. This is the largest hall of the Golestan Palace. The Salam Hall has original antique properties, including Tekiye Dowlat Moaven-Al molk that flaunts on the wall. In this hall of the Golestan Palace, You can see the clocks that Queen Victoria gave to Naser al-Din Shah. At the end of the Salam hall, there are maquettes of the Sun Throne, Naderi Throne, and Kiani Crown, the originals of which are kept in the jewelry museum. Except for these, all the items kept in this room are original.

Mirror Hall of Golestan Palace

The Mirror Hall in the Palace of Golestan has been mirrored from the floor to the ceiling. Its fame is due to the paintings that Kamal-Ol Molk has painted in this hall. There is also a beautiful and old handmade carpet on the floor.

mirror hall golestan complex


Ivory Hall (Talar-e-Adj)

The Ivory Hall has a simpler architecture than that of the Mirror Hall and Salam Hall. Many consider this naming because of the presence of two large elephant ivories in this hall. Some other think this naming is because this hall was the reception room and dining room in the past. On the wall of the hall, there are the paintings of the kings that were painted by renowned painters.


Container Hall (Talar-e Zoruf)

Container Hall is a corridor-like hall with wooden shelves against the walls that are filled with precious old items. Among these items are famous Russian dishes. The sprinklers and pots of the Qajar period show off their beauty to the viewer.


Brilliant Hall

Another hall in the main hall of the Golestan Palace is the Brilliant Hall. The Brilliant Hall has two nested rooms, the walls and ceilings of which are covered with mirrors. The beautiful painting of the Brilliant Hall before the changes were made by Abol-hassan Sales; and currently, they are held on public display in the Salam Hall. Entering the Brilliant Hall, you can exit these 5 halls and visit other buildings in the Golestan complex.


Shams-Ol Emareh

Shams-Ol Emareh monument, located on the eastern side of Golestan Palace, has an Iranian architecture with a mirroring in which, of course, western architecture is also used. This was ordered by Naser al-Din Shah upon his return from Europe. The blue and red colors used in the glasses of Shams-Ol Emareh give it a special beauty. Inside Shams-Ol Emareh, there is a room called Shah-Neshin which is truly unique in terms of beauty and tranquility. The colorful glasses and the reflection of blue light on the mirrors on the high walls of the room have multiplied its beauty. Next to the Shah-Neshin room, there is a room called the Picture Gallery. At the end of Shams-Ol Emareh, there is a porch with a paving floor.

Shams-Ol Emareh


Diamond Hall

Red color dominates the Diamond Hall. The Diamond Hall also has a room called the Photo Gallery where old photos are on public display. It has a large basement with wooden windows.


Other halls and mansions of Golestan Palace

The Golestan Palace is vast, and recounts a long history. The Windcatchers building (Emarat-e Badgir) is located between Diamond Hall and Shamsolemereh and is one of the oldest buildings in the Golestan Palace. Karim Khani Nook (Khalvat e Karim Khani) is also one of the most beautiful monuments of Golestan Palace. Naser-al Din Shah’s tombstone is also in this corner. Abyaz Palace is another building of Golestan Palace that has now become an anthropological museum. The marble bed is a bed fixed in the middle of the courtyard of the Golestan Palace so that there is no need for a Sun throne. Marble is used in making this throne.


Last word

Hence, the Golestan Palace presents a historical journey for every visitor. Mirrored Walls of the Mirror hall and Salam Hall Shows the splendor of the Qajar period. The Emarat-e-badgir represents the simplicity of the Safavid era. This Palace is one of the most beautiful monuments in the world that you can’t watch it enough. The paintings and mirroring on the walls and the colors and motifs will remain in your mind for a long time after you leave the Golestan Palace, and you want to tell others about its beauty and its uniqueness.