Iran is one of the 20 largest countries worldwide, and it covers an area of 1,648,195 Km2 (636,375 mi2). The country is located in a high-altitude plateau and as a result of that there are ranges of mountains that are connected together and surrounded the whole country. Iran Desert includes two major deserts and some small ones. Come with us to become familiar with these amazing deserts in Iran.
Check out the Best Desert Tours in Iran.
Major Deserts in Iran
Dasht-e Kavir is the largest salted desert in the center of the Iranian plateau. It is also known as Kavire Namak or Great Salt Desert. The desert is located in the southeast of the Alborz Mountains, and covers an area of 800 km (500 mi) by 320 km (200 mi). Therefore, the total surface area of this desert is about 77,600 km2 (30,000 mile2).
Dasht-e Kavir is one of the Iranian deserts with no rain and snow. Seasonal lakes are created in the desert by the run-off from surrounded mountains. The only plants that are adapted to the hot and arid climate of the desert are species like shrubs, grasses on mountain tops, and Mugwort.
Only a few number of animals can resist the hot and arid climate of this desert, including Persian gazelles which live in parts of steppe and desert areas of the central plateau. Wild sheeps, camels, goats, and Persian leopards are common in mountainous areas.
Same as all deserts in the world, the temperature varies significantly in days and nights. The lowest temperature that you could experience in this desert is 22 °C (72 °F) in January, and it could go up to 70 °C (130 °F) in summer.
Another desert of Iran is the little desert or Kavir-e Lut. It is also called Dasht-e Lut. The desert is located in the eastern part of Iran and covers an area of 320 km (200 miles) from northwest to southeast and is about 160 km (100 miles) wide with an area of 51,800 km2 (20,000 mile2).
This amazing desert, has two total different sections. The eastern part is a low plateau covered with salt flats, and the central part has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows.
From all deserts in Iran, Kavir-e Lut is the only one that was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. There were two reasons why this desert was subscribed in this list. Firstly, the Lut Desert protects a globally-recognized iconic hot desert landscape, one of the hottest places on earth. Secondly, the property represents an exceptional example of ongoing geological processes related to erosional and depositional features in a hot desert.
7 Must-see Iran Desert
In addition to the major deserts, there are a number of small deserts in Iran. Here we have listed these beautiful deserts. Follow us to take you to a virtual tour of the hottest attractions of this beautiful country.
The Mesr Desert, Isfahan
This charming desert is located near the village ‘Mesr’ in Isfahan Province. Known as the Sand Sea of the Desert, it is one of the most popular deserts in Iran. There are lots of things to do in the Mesr Desert, including biking, camel riding, and desert hiking. At nights, you can stare at the shiny stars in the wide and gorgeous sky. Do not worry about finding an accommodation, since there are suitable places in the villages near the desert for overnight stays.
The Maranjab Desert, Isfahan
Isfahan is one of the most popular cities in Iran for its historical sites. However, there are lots of natural attractions around the city as well, for instance, the Maranjab Desert which is in close proximity to Aran Va Bidgol city of Isfahan Province. You can enjoy visiting Shah Abbasi Caravanserai and Dastkan pit at this desert. You will defiantly enjoy walking on the golden sands, or just laying down and gazing at the crystal clear sky of the desert. By the way, you can stay at the Shah Abbasi Caravanserai or eco camp in the desert at night.
The Varzaneh Desert, Isfahan
There is another must-see desert in Isfahan Province, which is located 100 kilometers away from Isfahan City. The Varzaneh Desert is mostly famous for its golden high sands. Besides, blowing of the wind creates fantastic heels in various eye-catching shapes. Some of the national and historical attractions of Iran, including Varzaneh Bridge and Ghurtan Citadel, which trace back to more than 1100 years ago, are also located in this desert. Moreover, Iran’s largest desert entertainment complex, with lots of services is in the Varzaneh desert.
The Kalut Shahdad Desert, Kerman
Kerman is another city for touring during fall and winter in Iran. It is also home to lots of Iranian national attractions. The outstanding attraction of Kerman is, however, its Kalut Shahdad Desert. These spectacular Kaluts, which are scientifically known as yardang, are the beautiful strange shapes resulting from water and wind erosion of sands in more than 20 thousand years ago in the heart of the Lut Desert. You can enjoy staying overnight in one of the camps in Shahdad.
The Halvan Desert, Khorasan Razavi
The Halvan desert is located near the village ‘Halvan’ and is another destination for those travelers who are interested in Iran desert tours. Photography, camping, hiking, rock climbing, and ATV safaris are just a few top activities you can do in the Halvan Desert. If you are not interested in camping alone, you can use the accommodation facilities around the desert.
The Rig-e Jennn desert, Semnan
In the central part of Iran, there is a mysterious desert that is the destination of professional desert fans. There are some legends behind this amazing desert. People say that they have heard strange sounds in some parts of the Rig-e Jenn desert, thinking of the presence of demons and ghosts. So, if you are crazy about discovering the secrets of the desert and walking on the sands with a perplexing theme, this one is your taste. But note that unless you are a professional desert traveler, you need to follow a guide during your tour.
The Darvaz-e-Quran Desert, Yazd
Located in close proximity of Yazd city, the Darvaz-e-Quran Desert provides you with a memorable desert touring in Yazd province. You can enjoy stargazing at night in this beautiful desert. Additionally, Sandbad and Haftsang camps are at your service there. Camel riding, skiing on the sands, paragliding, zip line, participating in live concert, and ATV safaris are some of the activities you can enjoy in the Darvaz-e-Quran Desert. Most noteworthy, there is a lake in the midst of the sands which creates a beautiful scenery for the visitors.