Iran is a vast country and its natural and special characteristics have resulted in expansion of transportation network in this country. Its connection to important oceans and seas and the very big area of the country have resulted in variability of passenger transportation in Iran. If you are among those people willing to travel to Iran and not aware of its communication roads, stay with us.

Transportation in Iran is dated back to several thousand years ago. Iran’s message transmission system in the past is famous. Nowadays also, Iran is keeping up with expanded passenger transportation technologies; and, different methods of transportation through land, sea, and air are used in the country. Security of roads and their high variety is from among positive characteristics of passenger transportation in this country.


Different Transportation Methods in Iran 

In Iran, transportation takes place through ground and underground, maritime, and air transportation methods. Here, we briefly discuss each of the above methods.


Ground Transportation 

One of the most common transportation methods is using the bus. Every 30 provinces in Iran have some terminals for passenger transportation by bus to the other provinces, on daily basis. Almost every city in Iran could be reached by bus; and, the farthest Iranian cities are connected to each other through this means of transportation. Just call one of these terminals or make an online or in person visit to them and make ticket reservation. City buses and BRTs also are available to transfer people within cities, upon low cost.

Using taxi usually within the cities is also much prevalent in Iran; and, it is low price means of transportation in Iran. Passenger cars are also used for transportations between two cities with close distances from each other. These cars could be accessed to also through terminals. In big cities, minivans are also used for passenger transportation.

All cities and most of villages in Iran are connected through roads. In addition to main roads, there are many highways and freeways in Iran in order for big cities such as Tehran, Karaj, Tabriz, and Isfahan to be connected to each other. More than 20 cities in Iran are connected to highways. There are also 9 Asian highways in Iran which connect surrounding countries such as Turkmenistan, Turkey, and Afghanistan to each other.

Another means of transportation in Iran is train with a history of about 100 years. All of the big cities in Iran are not connected to railway system; however, north and south parts of Iran can be accessed, using train. Most of Iranian metropolises are connected to railway system.

Ground transportation in Iran


Underground Transportation

Iran is one of the countries in the world being equipped with metro system. Millions of people use this transportation system in such big cities as Tehran, Karadj, Mashhad, Tabriz, and Shiraz.

Tehran Metro established in 1999 is one of the biggest passenger transportation systems with more than 100 stations and 3 millions of people transferred.  Metro in Iran is of low cost and one of the cheapest underground transportation networks in the world.


Air Transportation 

There is a much expanded air transportation network available in Iran. The country with more than 10 international airports is a platform for air flights to more than 30 countries in the world, on daily basis. From among most important of these airports reference could be made to Mehrabad, Imam Khomeini, Shahid Hashemi Nejad in Mashhad, and Isfahan International Airport. Biggest airport as for internal flights is Mehrabad Airport which is also connected to metro, taxi, and bus stations. Biggest airport for international flights is Imam Khomeini Airport in Iran with many flights to such countries as Austria, Germany, Turkey, China, Russia, Italy, Korea, Qatar, Malaysia, and etc., on daily basis.

Air Transport in Iran

All of 30 provincial capitals in Iran are connected through aviation system and 20 other cities also have airports. Aviation network is accessible in all around Iran. So, people can book their flights through contacting such airlines as Iran Air, Mahan, Kish Air, and etc. to experience secure flights. According to the statistics, about 16 millions of people inside the country (IRAN) have been transported through Mehrabad Airport in 2016.


Iran Maritime Transportation

Iran is connected to several international waters in north and south. In the north, Khazar Sea and in south, Persian Gulf and Omman Sea are connected to other countries such as UAD, Kuwait and India. You can read more about ferry transportation in Iran. Since in there is no navigable river in Iran for passenger transportation; maritime transportation is used just for connection to be made to southern islands such as Qeshm and Kish and/or neighbor countries such as Kuwait, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.

ferry transportation in Iran


Last Words

As you may have noticed, there is a very extensive transportation network available in Iran. Therefore, many means of transportation such as metro, airplane, taxi, and even motor cycle (limitedly) are used in the country. One of the important advantages of aforementioned systems in the country compared to surrounding countries is their low cost mainly due to low price fuel because of huge gas and oil resources in Iran.