Tehran is the capital of Iran. The biggest and the most populous city of the country. The population of Tehran is estimated about 8,700,000. The area of the city is 574 km2. Many key governmental places in Tehran force many Iranians to travel to the capital every day. This communication induces a heavy traffic in the streets. Many incoming tourists are attracted to Tehran in order to visit the main attraction of the beautiful capital. The main museums of Iran are located in Tehran. Having various museums makes the capital a small exhibition of the history and art of Iran. In addition, Tehran has many marvelous palaces, mansions, and gardens remained from the Qajar and Pahlavi era. tehran travel guide
Since Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, founder of the Qajar dynasty, shifted the capital of Iran from Shiraz to Tehran, the boom period of the city has begun. Afterwards, many palaces and mansions were built in the new capital. Most of these monuments were used as accommodation for Qajar kings and princes. Some of these marvelous memorials are:
In the heart of the historical bazaar of Tehran, adjacent to the Grand Bazaar of Tehran, this royal Qajar Complex attracts many visitors to see the glory of Iranian art and architecture. Golestan complex is registered in UNESCO World Heritage Sites as one of the heritages of Iran.tehran travel guide
Many years before choosing Tehran as the capital of Iran, Tahmasp I, the Safavid king, built the citadel of Tehran. Afterwards, the citadel was renovated, and it was used as the official residence of Qajar family. The rebuilt citadel became a marvelous complex with many internal palaces with different governmental applications. Nowadays, many of Qajar heritages and memorials can be found in different parts of Golestan complex. All these attractions are preserved inside the marvelous buildings showing the glory of Iranian architecture.
The easiest way to access Golestan complex is using the metro system of Tehran. The palace is near Panzdah-e-Khordad metro station, with less than a 5 minute walk. Some general information like the opening time and the virtual tour of the complex is available at: www.golestanpalace.ir/.
The last important event occurred in the Golestan Palace was coronation of the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, Reza Shah. Afterwards, Pahlavis built their own palace “Niavaran” in a big garden in the north of Tehran, and the Golestan Palace was used for some formal royal receptions.
The Niavaran complex consists of several palaces and monuments dating back to the Qajar dynasty. The complex was renovated in the Pahlavi era by adding some new pavilions. Unfortunately, Pahlavi II demolished most of the former Qajar pavilions. tehran travel guide
Visiting Niavaran complex, tourists get familiar with some Pahlavi traditions and memorial. The complex is accessible using taxi and bus system of Tehran; no direct metro network is extended to the complex. To see general information about Niavaran complex visit: http://www.niavaranmu.ir/.
Another important tourist attraction of Tehran is Sa’dabad palace, located in Tajrish. The site consist of some mansions, palaces, and museums located in a big natural park with many tall trees. It was initially built by Qajars and then was used by the Pahlavi dynasty. The large parts of Sa’dabad complex are currently accessible for visitors, but some parts are used as the office of the president of Iran.
In order to access Sa’dabad complex, the best ways are using taxi and bus. Some general information is available athttp://en.sadmu.ir/.
Tehran Grand Bazaar is the oldest historical bazaar in Tehran. The Grand Bazaar is the main center of trading for most of Iranians. The history of the bazaar dates back to the Safavid era, but its development took place in the Qajar and Pahlavi era. The bazaar is very large with different corridors which serve different services for customers. The Grand Bazaar is the best place to find different handicrafts and souvenirs.
The Grand Bazaar also contains some old mosques, old mansions, restaurants, and guesthouses. The easiest way to access the bazaar is from Panzdah-e-Khordad metro station.
Most of the historical heritages of Tehran are located in the center or north of the city. Many of the houses, mansions, and palaces are now renovated and have found their application as museum, library, restaurant, café, and guesthouse. Some of the manifest heritages are Masoudieh palace, Negarestan garden, Darolfonoon School, Moghadam house, Hassanabad square, and Tajrish Bazaar.
One of the best examples of the historical heritages of Tehran is Oudlajan, an old district located near the Grand Bazaar of Tehran. The lifestyle of the people living in Oudlajan is very similar to their ancestors, simple and hospitable. The district has many marvelous buildings, which have been the location of many well-known movie theaters. It has also a beautiful handicraft bazaar recently renovated.
Most of the important museums of Iran are located in Tehran. By walking in the historical center of the city, many museums are available. Among them, the National Museum of Iran, in Si-e-Tir Street has a good collection of items demonstrating the history of Iran. This museum exhibits some of the most important heritages of ancient civilizations of Iran in two separate buildings, pre and post Islamic sections.
In addition, one of the most dazzling jewelry collections of the world is preserved in the National Jewelry Treasury in the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. There are many valuable gems and jewelry from the former kings of Iran, which fascinate all the visitors. Please be aware that photography in this museum is forbidden because of the security considerations.
Other important museums of Tehran which attract many visitors are Glassware and Ceramic Museum, Reza Abbasi Museum, Carpet Museum, Cinema Museum, Time Museum, Music Museum, and Bank Meli Museum.
By a simple search in the Internet, you can find many smaller, or even private, museums. Most of them are located in the historical houses/mansions. One of these museums is Moghadam Museum which is held in one of the most beautiful houses of Iran.
Tehran has two famous elements both are known as the symbol of the city; they are the Azadi Tower and Milad Tower. The Azadi Tower, formerly known as Shahyad Tower, is a 45m high tower located in the middle of Azadi Squre in the west of Tehran near Mehrabad airport. The tower was built by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to commemorate the 2500th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran. It also has a museum underground as a tourist attraction.
The Milad Tower is the highest building of Iran. The tower is a multi-purpose tower with some luxury restaurants and cafés, a five-star hotel, a trade center, museum, and cinema.
Do not forget to watch Tehran from the open platform located in the seventh floor of the tower. It provides the best view of the city at the height of 280 meters via some embedded lenses.
Visit http://miladtower.tehran.ir/ for more information about the tower.
Tehran has many modern and traditional restaurants and cafés. Most of the traditional restaurants are located in the historical houses, mansions, gardens, and museums, which provide a memorable atmosphere for every customer. There are many high quality restaurants in the grand bazaar of Tehran, which serve all kinds of Iranian meals. Be aware that no alcoholic drink is served in these restaurants. The Bazaar has many traditional teahouses which are considered not only as places for drinking, but also places for getting together with other people. tehran travel guide
One of the best food tourist attractions in Tehran is the street foods provided by some vendors in the city. The best place to find street foods in an organized form is Sie-Tir Street. Many food carts providing all kinds of meals, ready food, drinks, and even handicrafts have been organized in this street. By walking in this street, you can also visit well-known museums, historical houses, and different religious attractions
Usually, tourists who travel to Tehran have minimum worries finding a place for accommodation. Tehran has different hotels, guesthouses, hostel, private homes, and traditional houses. These places can be easily found by a simple search in the internet. Tourists can find any kinds of accommodation, either expensive international hotels or cheaper options downtown.
Tehran has the most advanced transportation system in Iran. There are many options for traveling from/to Tehran. Among them, the bus transport system is the safe and economic way to travel. There are different domestic bus terminals in Tehran that regularly give many services to the all cities of Iran. These terminals also provide exclusive taxis for transferring the passengers to different cities of Iran.
Tehran has two airports. Mehrabad is an old domestic airport, located near Azadi square. This airport has many daily flights to different cities of Iran. Check http://enmehrabad.airport.ir/ for additional information. The International Airport of Tehran, Imam Khomeini airport (IKA), is the most crowded airport of Iran. IKA airport serves many flights to different countries. More information about the flights is available at https://www.ikac.ir/en. Since the airport is located 30 kilometers southwest of Tehran, many particular taxis have been employed to transfer the passengers to the city.
The train transportation system of Tehran, as one of the oldest railway transportation systems of Iran, transfers passengers and goods to the different cities of Iran. Different kinds of trains are available for travelling from Tehran station. Tehran railway is extended to; many parts of Iran, but the most advanced system is employed to some destinations like Mashhad. Check www.raja.ir to find the exact program of the train transportation.
The public transportation system in Tehran is mainly taxi networks, private taxis, bus services, metro system, and private cars. Cars receive cash, but in order to use bus and metro systems the special ticket or passenger cart is necessary. Because of heavy traffics in the streets, most of the people use the metro system and bus rapid transit (BRT) system as economic, safe, and rapid ways of transportation. The latter systems facilitate transportation in the city, though most tourists use exclusive taxis for transportation.
The main problem in Tehran is heavy traffic. The traffic in the center of the city is too heavy, which may disturb your timing of visiting the main attractions in the historical center.
Because of the crowded streets, some of the people may use high-speed motorcycle as transportation or even for trading. This kind of transportation may cause some problems for tourists who are not familiar with these high speed vehicles.
All these problems make Tehran both noisy and air polluted. Please be prepared if you have any health problems.
Tehran is a fantastic destination, most of the incoming tours of Iran begin from Tehran because of its modern international airport. Furthermore, Tehran has many attractions, which make it eye-catching for tourists. Many marvelous palaces with fantastic architecture located in the old gardens which are the main attractions of the capital of Iran. Tehran has many museums which demonstrate many aspects of Iranian civilization. Since many high quality restaurants of Iran are located in Tehran, you can enjoy eating all kinds of delicious Iranian food.
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